Imams of four schools | Part- 2

Students of Imam Abu Hanifa (ra)

Imam Abu Hanifa (ra) had thousands of students. There were not so many students of muhaddith or faqih in any other corner of Takal. Thousands of students from Makkah Mukarramah, Medina Munawwara, Damak, Basra, Kufa, Wasit, Musil, Jazeera, Riqqah, Ramlah, Egypt, Yemen, Bahrain, Baghdad, Hims, etc. have learned by participating in Imam Sahib’s dars. The author of Ukudul Jumman’s book has recorded the names of eight hundred disciples of Imam Abu Hanifa (ra) in his book. Among his students were a large number of jurists, muhaddiths and qazis. Among them are Qazi Abu Yusuf Yaqub bin Ibrahim, Muhammad bin Hassan Shaybani, Jufar bin Huyal Ambri, Hamid bin Abu Hanifa, Hassan bin Ziad, Abu Ismat Nuh bin Maryam, Qazi Asad bin Amr, Abu Muti Hakam bin Abdullah Balkhi, Mughi , Zakaria bin Abu Zaida, Misr bin Kudam, Sufyan Saori, Malik Migwal, Yunus bin Abu Ishaq, Dawood Tai, Hassan bin Saleh, Abu Bakr bin Ayyash, Isa bin Yunus, Ali bin Musahir, Hafs bin Ghias, Abu Asim Nabil, Jarir Bin Abdul Hamid, Abdullah Bin Mubarak, Waqi Bin Jarrah, Abu Ishaq Fazari, Yazid Bin Harun, Makki Bin Ibrahim, Abdur Razak Bin Hammad Sanani, Abdur Rahman Mukri, Haysham Bin Bashir, Ali B- Asim, Zafar Bin Awan, Ibrahim , Hamzah bin Habi Az-Zayyat, Yazid bin Rafi, Zubay, Yahya bin Yaman, Khariz bin Musab, Musab bin Kudam, Rabia bin Abdur Rahman Rai Madani (r.) Etc.


The compilation and composition of fiqh masalas began to circulate regularly in the second century. At this time wise ulama, fuqaha and muhaddiths started writing Kitab in different places. Imam Abu Hanifa (ra) also compiled fiqh in Kufa. He founded Al-Majmaul Fiqh with a group of his students. Through them he used to record Hadith and Fiqh. Later his disciples taught all these written masalas to their students. This compiled masail is considered among the works of Imam Abu Hanifa (ra). There are also self-written books of Imam Sahib, such as-

1. Al Fiqhul Akbar

2. Kitabur Risala Ilal-Busti

3. Kitabul Alim wal Mutaallim,

4. Kitabur Radd Alal Jahmiya,

Abdullah Ibn Dawood Wasiti commented that if one wants to get out of the stigma of blindness and ignorance and taste the fiqh, he should study the books of Imam Abu Hanifa.

Dignity of Imam Abu Hanifa (ra)

Narrated from Hazrat Abdullah bin Mubarak, he said, I have seen the most pious person, the most pious person, the most knowledgeable person and the greatest jurist. The most pious person is Abdul Aziz bin Abu Rawad, the most pious person is Fudayl bin Iyad, the most knowledgeable person is Sufyan Saori and the greatest jurist is Abu Na. Then he said, “I have never met anyone like him.” I said, “Had it been done to Hazrat Malik bin Anas, tell me, have you seen Abu Hanifa?” He said, “Yes, I have seen a person who, if he talks to Tayma about this pillar and wants to prove it as an army, can prove it by documents.” Yazid bin Harun was asked. Who is the great jurist, Abu Hanifa or Sufian Saori? In reply he said, Sufyan is a great Hafiz Hadith and Abu Hanifa is a great jurist.

It is further narrated from Abdullah bin Mubarak that he said that if anyone has the right to say something according to his own decision, it is Abu Hanifa. He has the right to speak according to his own decision.

Mutual evaluation of Sufyan Saori and Imam Abu Hanifa

Khatib Baghdadi narrated from Muhammad bin Bashir that he said, “I used to go to the meetings of Abu Hanifa and Sufyan Sauri.” In fact, he asked Imam Abu Hanifa, where did you come from? I say, from Sufian Saori. Then he said, “You have come from a person who, if Alkama and Aswad had survived, would have been in need of personality in his opinion.” On the other hand, when Sufian went to Saori, he asked, “Where are you from?” I say, from Abu Hanifa. Then he said, “You have come from the greatest jurist in the world.”

Worship of Imam Abu Hanifa (ra)

Khatib Baghdadi narrates from Hammad bin Quraish that he said: I heard Asad ibn Amr say: According to reliable narrations, Imam Abu Hanifa (ra) performed the Fajr prayer with the ablution of Isha for forty years. He used to finish the whole Qur’an in one rak’at prayer most of the night. He could cry at night. Even the neighbors were kind to him. It is mentioned about him that he finished the Qur’an 80,000 times at the place where he died. (Baghdad on the date) Another narration mentions the completion of the Qur’an 6,000 times instead of 60,000. Khatib Baghdadi narrates from Kharijah bin Mas’ab that he said that four Imams used to finish the Qur’an in one rak’ah: Hazrat Uthman bin Affan (RA), II. Hazrat Tamim Ad-Dari (R.), 3, Hazrat Saeed bin Zubair and 4. Hazrat Abu Hanifa (RA).

Character traits

Imam Abu Hanifa (ra) was an extraordinary personality in character traits. Imam Abu Yusuf (ra) said about Imam Sahib in front of Caliph Harunur Rashid that Imam Abu Hanifa (ra) was a very pious person. He always refrained from forbidden work. Most of the time he was silent. If he was asked what masala he knew, he would answer it. He was very generous and kind. He did not like worldly splendor and splendor. He always refrained from slandering others and was endowed with many virtues like benevolence, justice, truthfulness, piety, patience, restraint, service to mother and devotion to teachers.


Imam Abu Hanifa (ra) was inhumanly tortured by the then rulers. During the Umayyad Caliphate, Ibn Hubayra requested him to accept the post of Qazi. But he refuses to accept it. Due to which Imam Abu Hanifa (ra) was flogged ten times a day. Nevertheless, he agreed to accept the position of Kafir. Not done. He was then requested to take up the post of Qazi again during the Abbasid Caliphate. This time too he denied it. Of which. Due to this he was arrested on the orders of Caliph Abu Jafar Mansur. Is kept in jail. It is said that he was poisoned in prison. He died in prison in 150 AH. He was buried near the mosque on the east side of the Khizuran cemetery in Baghdad. Later, in memory of Imam Azam, the area of ​​his tomb became known as Azamiyya (as).

 Ibn Khalliqan narrates that Imam Abu Hanifa passed away in the month of Rajab in the month of Rajab in 150 AH. According to Karae Karae, 11 Jamadiul Awal passed away. According to Karai, he died in 151 AH and according to Karai in 153 AH. Are described. That is, on the day Imam Shafi’i (ra) was born, Imam Abu Hanifa (ra) passed away.

According to the pure narration, when Imam Abu Hanifa (ra) could feel the moment of his death, he fell in prostration and died while prostrating.

Imams of four schools

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